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How to pack Oracle database’s binaries in a RPM file

This article describes how to create a RPM file with oracle’s binaries in it, in order to make easier the process of database installation.

Prerequisites

Install the packages rpmdevtools and rpm-build, these packages contains command line like rpmdev-setuptree and rpmbuild that will help to create the RPM structure

#yum install rpmdevtools rpm-build

The oracle database software must be installed on the machine

Generate the RPM structure

Inside the oracle’s home directory execute the command:

#rpmdev-setuptree

This command will create the following directory structure:

|-- rpmbuild
    |-- BUILD
    |-- RPMS
    |-- SOURCES
    |-- SPECS
    `-- SRPMS

RPM Contents SOURCES

The directory SOURCES must have a tar file with all files desired to be added in the RPM file

#tar -cvf oracle11.tar /home/oracle/.bash_profile /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/rhdb/*

Configuration SPEC file

The directory SPEC is where the spec file with the instructions to create our RPM must be placed

One of the  key parameter in this file is the “requires”, where a list of packages dependencies is configured.

Create a file called oracle11G.spec with the content bellow:

Name: oracle
Version: 11
Release: 2%{?dist}
Summary: Oracle 11G R2
Group:  redhat
License: GNU
URL: http://www.redhat.com
Source0:        oracle11.tar
#BuildRoot:     %(mktemp -ud %{_tmppath}/%{name}-%{version}-%{release}-XXXXXX)

Requires: binutils >= 2, glibc >= 2, nss-softokn-freebl >= 3, compat-libstdc++ >= 33, glibc-common >= 2, glibc-devel >= 2, 
          glibc-headers >= 2, elfutils-libelf, elfutils-libelf-devel, gcc >= 4, gcc-c++ >= 4, ksh, libaio, libaio-devel, 
          libgcc >= 4, libstdc++ >= 4, libstdc++-devel >= 4, make >= 3.81, numactl-devel >= 2, ld-linux.so.2()(32bit), 
          sysstat >= 9 libfreebl3.so()(32bit), libc.so()(32bit), libaio.so.1()(32bit), libaio.so()(32bit), 
          libgcc_s.so.1()(32bit), libstdc++.so.6()(32bit), libstdc++.so.5()(32bit)

%description
Oracle 11G R2

%build
mkdir -p $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/home/oracle
cp /home/oracle/.bash_profile $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/home/oracle

mkdir -p $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/rhdb/
cp -ra /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/rhdb/* $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/rhdb/

%pre
groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba

useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
echo redhat|passwd --stdin oracle

%files
/u01/*
/home/*

%post
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod -R 775 /u01

%changelog
* Fri Sep 23 2011 Leandro Abite  1.0
- First version

Generating RPM file

The generation of the RPM file is made by the command rpmbuild passing the spec file as parameter

#rpmbuild -ba oracle11G.spec

if every thing is ok the rpm file should be created in the directory SRPMS

Requires
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Categories: Linux, Oracle
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